Development issue/problem:

If I try to make Robolectric RC3 work in Android Studio, I get

Reason: java.lang.RuntimeException: build/intermediates/bundles/debug/AndroidManifest.xml file not found or not found; it should be on your project’s org.robolectric.manifest.AndroidManifest.xml
on org.robolectric.manifest.getResourcePath(
on org.robolectric.manifest.getIncludedResourcePaths(
on org.robolectric.RobolectricTestRunner.createAppResourceLoader(
on org.robolectric.RobolectricTestRunner.getAppResourceLoader(
on org.robolectric.internal.ParallelUniverse.setUpApplicationState (
on org.robolectric.RobolectricTestRunner.setUpApplicationState (
on org.robolectric.RobolectricTestRunner$2.parallel (

I tried.

@Config(manifest = app/src/main/AndroidManifest.xml, constants = BuildConfig.class, sdk=21)

And I tried to put the manifest security system in my Test Runner, but it didn’t work. In the Dateisystem, I believe that the Manifesto in


an der falschen Stelle, wo der Robollectric nach ihm sucht.
One point in the manifesto was simply ignored, and then a unique resource problem arose: the App or Robolestrice could not find the raw material that spoiled my App.
Es steht in meiner Build-Datei:

sourceSet {main {java.srcDirs = [ src/main/java’]resources.srcDirs = [ src/main/res’]]test {java.srcDirs = [ src/main/java’]resources.srcDirs = [ src/main/res srcDirs = [ src/test/java’, ‘src/main/java’]resources.srcDirs = [ src/test/res’, ‘src/main/res’]}.

How do you explain Robolestry, where the manifesto is to be found and, what is even more important, where such a thing can be done in terms of resources?

I have checked out the Robolectric fromithub, built it and installed it in my .m2-Repo premises. The Gradle file now refers to the local version of SNAPSHOT and I made sure that Gradle doesn’t get a new version of the remote repo. Then I copied RobolectricGradleTestRunner to my project, changing the lines where the file locations were defined: it had no module name. Now it’s working.

How can I solve this problem?

Solution 1:

I assume you’re trying to test with JUnit. You can try two different things:

  1. Create a custom TestRunner class as shown here. See the CustomTestRunner section where you essentially create a TestRunner that knows the right manifesto. Specify your tests with the @Config annotation to make them work with your test runner.
  2. (My favorite selection) Go to JUnit configuration, start > Change settings. Write down the text box in the workbook. Add /app (for OSX and Linux) or application (Windows) to the path written in the text box. Try it again, it should work.

Solution 2:

Same problem with Android Studio. I solved this problem by changing the configuration of Unit 4. You can keep an eye on her.

Android studios.

  1. Change Configuration
  2. In June, you must change the workbook to $MODULE_DIR$.

The bottom line is $MODULE_DIR$.

You can see the following screenshot. Thank you so much!

Robolectric says “AndroidManifest.xml not found” –

Robolectric says “AndroidManifest.xml not found” –

Solution 3:

I’ve encountered the same mistakes, we’ve used different flavours and
manufacturers, so there are steps to make it work:

  1. Setting up the Android Studio Trial

On Windows, you must also set the working directory to $MODULE_DIR$. That should say

  1. The unit test shall be annotated as follows:

@Config(constants = BuildConfig.class, sdk = 21, manifest = src/main/AndroidManifest.xml, packageName = com.example.yourproject)
public class SomeFragmentTest {

Solution 4:

If you still get this error with Android Studio 3.0, make sure your scale configuration has these settings:

android {…testOptions {unitTests {includeAndroidResources = true}}}}

Solution No 5:

Note that intellij 16 EAP has a bug with this $MODULE_DIR$ variable (it points to the wrong place), which causes an error when testing with this exception. See To be corrected by mid-January 2016.

Solution No 6:

You can ask the same question here:

You have to mention it in your test code:

@Config(manifest = src/main/AndroidManifest.xml, emulateSdk = 18)

This tells the robot technician where your declaration file is located. This should work as long as you don’t change the values in the directory.

Also try to use a template that is available on the internet, everything is configured there, you don’t have to change the values of the folders. You can get it here:

Edit: I think the exception is under build/intermediates/bundles/debug/AndroidManifest.xml, but you say the file is under app/build/intermediates/manifests/full/debug/AndroidManifest.xml, I think the two locations are different. Make sure you have an xml file on build/intermediates/bundles/debug/AndroidManifest.xml.

Solution No 7:

That’s right @Christina. I also have exactly the same problem. And it is a fact that the building process is not at all about creating a package folder for intermediaries. And the modified robot runner didn’t work either. A customer-specific cursor I
is used here. I haven’t found the solution yet, but it seems that the problem is related to the version of the build tool.

[Update] Changing the workbook in the startup configuration of my test modules so that it points to the main directory of the tested module worked for me. [Update.]

Solution No 8:

I got this error after updating AndroidStudio to version 2.3.3, and my gradle plugin was also updated.
Проблема решена путем установки рабочего каталога в $MODULE_DIR$, а также обновления robolectric зависимостей от testCompile ‘org.robolectric:robolectric:3.0’ до testCompile ‘org.robolectric:robolectric:3.4.2’.

Special featuresбратите внимание, что настройка рабочего каталога при старой версии робототехники не разрешит его.

Решение № 9:

Пожалуйста, ознакомьтесь с нижеприведенными шагами, которые помогут решить все проблемы.
Шаг 1: используйте в зависимостях

testImplementationorg.robolectric: robolectric:4.0 в app.gradle

этап 2 : In the app.gradle indoor android use below

testOptions {
unitTests {
includeAndroidResources = true

Step 3: paste into below


It’s working!

Good luck!

robolectric androidx,robolectric-gradle version,robolectric api 29,robolectrictestrunner,robolectric config,robolectric java 8,called loadfrompath(/system/framework/framework-res apk true); mode=binary sdk=28,robolectric test android

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